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Dual nationality

Even though Belgium accepts and recognizes dual nationality, this is not the case for the Chinese authorities. Article 3 of Chinese nationality law promulgated on 10/09/1980 states: "The People's Republic of China does not recognize dual nationality for any Chinese national".

The Belgian authorities can not issue a Schengen visa in the foreign passports of European citizens but the minor child holding a Belgian passport who has been registered in the hukou of his Chinese parent can apply for a permit to enter and leave the country with his Belgian passport at the "Public Security Bureau (PSB) - Entry & Exit Administration". With this valid "Exit Entry Permit" and a valid Belgian passport, a person can travel from China to the Schengen countries and return to China. If the "Exit Entry Permit" expires during a stay in Belgium, a new copy can be requested from the Chinese Embassy in Brussels.

The issuance of this "Exit Entry Permit" is the competence of municipal or provincial authorities, it is advisable to contact the PSB of the place of issue of the child's hukou.

Retention of Belgian nationality

(unofficial translation, in case of unclarity the Dutch or French version prevail)

Do you need to make a declaration stating your intention to retain the Belgian nationality? 

The Belgian who

  • was born abroad after January 1st, 1967
  • never received a Belgian ID card or Belgian passport between 18 and 28 years old
  • never had his principal residence In Belgium between 18 and 28 years old
  • does not work abroad either for the Belgian government or for a Belgian company or association in accordance with Belgian law
  • has one or more other nationalities

has to make a declaration stating his intention to retain the Belgian nationality before the age of 28 years old. 

In case of doubt we advise you to make a declaration of retention.

Persons who obtained the Belgian nationality by naturalization, option, regaining (i.e. after expression of will) do not have to make a declaration of retention. 

Persons who obtained the Belgian nationality in a legal manner before their 28th birthday (most of them will have obtained it before their 18th birthday) have to make a declaration of retention.

Anyway, a Belgian who has reached the age of 18 years old and meets most of the conditions that will cause the loss of Belgian nationality can make a declaration of retention if he does not intend to settle in Belgium before his 28th birthday.

This declaration of retention shall be made before the head of the Belgian consular offices at the consular post where you are registered in the consular population register.

We remain at your disposal for further information: check your personal information, giving information concerning the required documents and procedure.

Legal basis: article 22, §1, 5° and article 22, §2 (in effect since 12.07.2018) of the Belgian nationality Code